Because signs can vary a great deal, we recommend that an individual see a healthcare provider to be tested if they have a lesion of any kind. A person may show symptoms within days after contracting genital herpes, or it may take weeks, months, or years. First episodes usually occur within the first two weeks after the virus is transmitted. Genital herpes can be spread even when there are no visible ulcers or blisters. These symptoms occur when the herpes infection affects the nervous system. Symptoms vary depending on whether the outbreak is initial or recurrent.
Other symptoms that occur with first infection can include swollen lymph glands, fever, muscle aches, headache and fatigue. HSV initial infection during pregnancy can cause damage to the fetus. Genital Herpes Health Center Genital Herpes Guide. But it can also be a cause of genital herpes. Or, you might not have an initial outbreak of symptoms until months or even years after becoming infected. When symptoms occur soon after a person is infected, they tend to be severe. I have a tiny tingling bump on my lip, which I originally thought was a pimple, and I have a slight sore throat.
After initial contact with a person who is infected with HSV, you may develop the following symptoms after the 2 to 20 day period:. In most instances it will appear as genital herpes. Occasionally sores can appear on other parts of the body where broken skin has come into contact with the virus. After the initial or primary infection, the virus retreats and lies dormant. See How does herpes infection affect a pregnant woman and her baby? Additionally, false positive results may occur at low index values and should be confirmed with another test such as Biokit or the Western Blot.
Herpes: Iu Health Center
The recurrence rate of HSV-1(recurrent herpes) after the initial flare-up (primary herpes) is 20 to 40, while the recurrence rate of HSV-2 is much higher at 80. Active eruptions may occur as often as every few weeks or as seldom as once a year, and they usually appear at the same site. The primary HSV-1 infection does not usually produce symptoms, but if so, they can be very painful. Patterns of HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection appear identical: vesicles usually are uniform in size, and the tense center umbilicates to form a depressed center. Although HSV-1 can cause up to 33 percent of initial outbreaks, HSV-2 infections recur six times more frequently. Sexual health information on genital herpes, an infection caused by either the Type 1 (HSV-1) or Type 2 (HSV-2) herpes simplex virus. However, if symptoms occur during the primary outbreak, they can be quite pronounced. After the initial outbreak, the virus moves away from the skin surface and travels along the nerve pathways to nerve roots at the base of the spine. Herpes can be easily passed through oral, vaginal and anal sex. The symptoms of a first outbreak of genital herpes usually appear 2 to 10 days after exposure to herpes and last an average of 2 to 3 weeks. In general, recurrent episodes occur most often in the first year after initial infection. In women, similar lesions occur on the external genitalia and the mucosae of the vulva, vagina and cervix. Following the initial infection immunity develops but does not fully protect against further episodes (recurrence). After the initial infection, the virus remains latent in the sensory ganglia of the autonomic nervous system. Secondary bacterial infections with staph or strep can occur, resulting in honey-colored crusting that can easily be confused with impetigo.
How Long After Contact With Herpes Simplex Will It Take Before I Get Symptoms?
Initial oral infection with HSV-1 may cause gingivostomatitis (mainly in children) and herpetic pharyngitis (mainly in adolescents and adults). Viral shedding can occur with symptoms (symptomatic herpes) and without symptoms (asymptomatic herpes). In these individuals the herpes virus returns to the site of the initial infection and a new lesion called recurrence or relapse appears. Then the spots and blisters appear, and will heal without scars in about 7 days. Outbreaks can appear in different locations over time. Primary cold sore infection can be worse than recurrent mouth ulcers but luckily some people don’t experience any symptoms at all. Small blisters or ulcers may develop on the mouth, tongue, gums, lips, or throat.
Before any visible symptoms appear, herpes goes through what is known as the prodromal phase. Sores caused by genital herpes can be very painful, and when they open up to the air and begin to crust over, the pain can be anywhere from mild to unbearable during your first outbreak. If the initial infection is not severe, it is still possible to experience all or some of these symptoms, with varying degrees of severity.