Anyone who has had chickenpox or received chickenpox vaccine in the past may develop shingles. Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles, also called herpes zoster or zoster, is a painful skin rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. However, the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles can be spread from a person with active shingles to a person who has never had chickenpox or been vaccinated through direct contact with the rash. Chickenpox is a common viral infection that can reappear later in life as shingles.
Shingles, Post-Herpetic Neuralgia (PHN) and Chickenpox. Infection with the varicella zoster (var-uh-SEH-luh ZOS-ter) virus (VZV) causes the diseases varicella and herpes zoster. Although the varicella virus causes both chicken pox and shingles, the two have different symptoms and distinct rashes. Shingles and chickenpox are both caused by a single virus of the herpes family, known as varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The word herpes comes from the Greek word herpein, which means to creep, a reference to a characteristic pattern of skin eruptions.